Highlights from the Faculty Brown Bag, “Engaging Large Classes”–2/17/11Posted: February 21, 2011
Presenters were Nancy Young (History), Amy Vandaveer (Marketing), Barry Lefer (Earth and Atmospheric Science), and Simon Bott (Chemistry). David Mazella (English) helped facilitate the discussion. 37 faculty were present.
Dr. Young talked about her background as a teacher at a liberal arts college, and how she continued these engagement strategies at UH, even with larger classes. Some of her practices include:
- Moving around the classroom, moving around the aisles, never letting them get too far from her voice. Asking specific students, allowing them to stumble to grow.
- Using slides with specific engaging/confronting quotes, then asking students to predict the author – age, sex, color, etc. Slides become basis to question the material.
- Using clickers in class room. To take attendance silently (divided through class hour). Used also to reflect reading and to facilitate discussion. Then she can talk to the students based on their decisions.
- Starting lecture with an open-ended question, similar to the scholars’ questions, involved in the debate. Framing the lecture’s argument with a question makes it more likely for students to remember the discussion.
- Using “challenge” questions, which unlike the opening question, do have a right or wrong answer.
- Exploiting multimedia, bringing in sound file, music, film clips, links of recorded conversations
Dr. Young views the lecture as an embryonic distillation of actual historical inquiry.
In terms of classroom management, Dr. Young does not tolerate side conversations. She navigates the classroom to hear the students in their own voices.
Ms. Amy Vandaveer talked about the teaching principles that she had developed over years of teaching large sections:
- Purposeful preparation
- Unplug and engage – zero tolerance of student tech in classroom
- Become mobile – the podium is not your friend
- YouTube is your friend
- Peer learning can be powerful
- Relatable information and Collateral – visuals from real culture; use story-telling
Dr. Barry Lefer offered some of his own strategies for holding the attention of large classes and maximizing their learning:
- Take attendance and have class participation count as grade or extra credit
- Start lecture with “News of the Day,” some news item related to course content
- Ask questions from names included on Attendance Sheet, wait for answers
- Walk around the classroom.
- Use stories from personal research/experience to bridge their understanding of course content
- Build on students’ experience – they often know the answer, but don’t know why
- Pop quizzes
- Multiple cumulative exams; review exams after grading, top 10 incorrectly answered questions
Dr. Simon Bott, described how he keeps control of a 550 student class every semester. On the first day of class, he establishes two simple rules:
- $1000 buys them presence in that classroom three times a week; anything that takes away from any student’s hearing chemistry is evil; no one has that right to take away that $1000 experience. Bott embarrasses late-comers, early-leavers, talkers, cell-phone users, no lap-top users
- Bott is the king of the classroom. Students are his subjects. Confiscates lap-tops and cell phones for class duration.
He also gives them a brief written quiz every day, which he personally grades immediately following the class and enters into a spreadsheet. By the mid-semester, he knows the roster and is able to match faces to names and grades.
After these presentations, the group discussed the best way to ask questions to a large group, and how to make them approachable yet challenging enough to keep students’ interest. They should ramp up in difficulty as the semester proceeds. Marketing demands that novices learn how to ask questions of their customers or clients. Science teaching is often based on basing questions on visual materials like graphs or illustrations.
There was also a discussion of the usefulness of attendance, roll sheets, and various kinds of attendance policies. One audience member suggested a mid-semester survey that asked students three simple questions: what’s working? what can I do to help you learn better? and what can you do to learn better? Another suggestion was to survey students at the beginning of the semester to ask them their goals for the course.
The brown bag ended around 2:30.
[thanks to Bruce Martin for taking the minutes for this meeting]